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www.1331.com90个最常用的词根+138个前缀+328个后缀,今日分享一下背单词的小妙招

E.g.Infections are more likely in those suffering from malnutrition.

前缀:

肯否、先后、方向、数字、大小、好坏、相同、程度、频度、使动

肯否

ab-                  abnormal/ abuse / abhor

anti-                antisocial / anti-aggression /antiallergic

counter-          counteract/ counterclockwise

contra-            contradiction

de-                   debase/ decay / degrade / decompose

dis-                  disapprove/ disadvantage / distrust

i(l, m, n, r) –   illegal/ impractical / invisible / irrational /
inaccurate

mis-                 misery/ misleading / misdeed / misconduct

non-                nonprofit/ noncontroversial / nonconformist

un-                  unconscious/ unknown

先后

ex-                   ex-president/ ex-wife

fore-                forecast / foresee / foretell

pre-                 prehistory/ prevent

pro-                 prospect/ propose

post-                postwar/ postgraduate

retro-               retrospect/ retrogress

方向

intro-               introverted/ introspect / introduce

extra-              extraverted/ extravagant

inter-               interpersonal/ internal / interconnect

trans-               transform/ transfer / transit / transport /
transmit

数字

hemi- / semi-          hemicycle/ semiautomatic / hemisphere

mono-             monolog/ monotonous

uni-                 uniform/ unique

ambi-              ambiguous

amphi-            amphibian

bi-                   bipedal/ bilingual

di-                   dioxide

tri-                   triangle/ triple

centi-               centipede/ centimeter

kilo-                kilogram/ kilometer

milli-               milligram

multi-              multimedia/ multiform

poly-               polygon/ polytechnic

co(l, m, n, r)-  collect/ cooperate / compile / consume / corrupt

大小

macro-            macroclimate/ macro-economics

micro-             microwave/ micro-economics

mini-               minimum/ miniature

好坏

bene-               benefit/ beneficent

mal-                malicious/ maltreat / malfunction

相同

homo-             homosexual/ homograph / homogeneous

sy(m, n, l)-      sympathy/ synthetic / syllable

程度

over-               overburden/ overload / overfunded

extra-              extraordinary/ extravagant

sub-                 subordinate/ subconscious

under-             underestimate/ underline

super-              superficial/ super-system

ultra-               ultraviolet

out-                 outweigh/ outgrow

频度

re-                           revive/ restore / reconsider

a(b, c, f, g, p, s, t)   abbreviate / accelerate / affiliate / aggravate
/ appoint /assimilate / attract

使动

be-           befriend/ belittle

en-           enlarge/ enable

em-          embody/ embrace


6.un-加在名词,形容词,副词 之前 unfinished(未完成的),
undoubted(无疑的),unemployment(失 业)

E.g.Such measures would be highly impracticable and almost impossible to
apply.

今天发的是一个根据含义分类的词缀有序篇,考研大战前夕,草草扫一眼,万一遇到并且能想起来就赚到了~~~

 词根                       dis

他看到一个黑漆漆的东西从浓密的树叶后消失了。

后缀

名词、动词、形容词

名词

1.人:

-an / -ian / -ant / -ent  Asian / historian / applicant / dependent /

-ee / -er / -or / ese           examinee / pioneer / collector / Chinese

-ist                                 dentist/ socialist

2.状态、性质、类属:

-al: arrival / approval / refusal

-age: leakage / shortage / shrinkage

-ance / -ence / -ancy / -ency / -cy: importance /independence / vacancy
/ frequency / accuracy

-ery: slavery / bravery /

-ion / -tion / -sion: fashion / domination /occasion

-y / -ty / -ity: entry / difficulty / visibility

-ment: punishment

-ship: leadership / scholarship

-ness: conciousness

-th: growth / depth

-ure: departure / expenditure

3.学科

-logy / -ics: ideology / archaeology / economic /politics

动词

-ate                  aggravate/ abbreviate

-en                   widen/ broaden / weaken / lengthen

-ify                  rectify/ purify / magnify / certify

-ish                  finish/ perish / abolish

-ize / -ise        homogenize/ popularize

形容词

-able / -ible: noticeable / incredible

-al: functional / natural

-ed: cultivated / talented

-ful: doubtful / peaceful

-ic: fantastic / herotic / illogical

-id: fluid / acid

-ish: selfish / womanish

-ite: definite / opposite / favorite

-less: homeless / shameless

-ous / -eous / -ious: loquacious / advantageous /vicious

-ly / -y: irony / fatherly

  1. non-加在形容词, 名词前 non-existence (不存在), non-essential ,
    (不主要的),non-electrical(非电的)

E.g.You should disconnect the wireless set before you make adjustments
inside it.

之前发过一个词缀乱序篇在这里

able能够              disable 使丧失能力

disadvantage n. 不利,不利条件;


agree同意           disagree不同意

我们只好把发动机全部拆开以寻找故障原因。

词根词缀那些事儿—常用词根词缀:90个最常用的词根+138个前缀+328个后缀

太多了也记不住,这次先分享这些吧(≧∇≦)/

儿童可能无法将自己的幻想与真实世界区分开来。

  1. im-加在字母 m,b,p 之前 impossible (不可能的), impolite (不礼貌的),
    impudence (厚颜无耻)

  2. il-加在以 1 开头的词前 illegal (非法的), illiterate (文盲的,
    无文化的), illogical (不合逻辑的)

  3. ir加在以 r 开头的词前 irregular (不稳定的) , irresistable
    (不可抵抗的) , irresolvable(不能分解的,不能解决的)

E.g.Parents fear they might overstep these invisible boundaries…

1.pre:preconception(成见),pre-exsiting
(先于……而存在的),pre-selection(选举前的), preface(前 言)

disassemble v. 拆开

  1. dis-加在名词、 形容词, 动词之前。  

disappear. v. 消失

11.anti-加在名词、形容词之 前
anti-Japanese(抗日战争),anti-social(厌恶社会的,反社会的),
antidite(解毒药)

他在那儿的所见让他对一切政****生了一种深深的不信任感。

ps:认真记记对分析单词和阅读时猜测单词意思都很有帮助哦

E.g.The election was di**issed as illegitimate by the opposition.

12.counter-加在名词、动词前 counterattack(反
攻,反击),counteract(抵抗,阻碍),counterrevolution(反革命)

www.1331.com90个最常用的词根+138个前缀+328个后缀,今日分享一下背单词的小妙招。E.g.Many senior managers are technologically illiterate.

背单词可是一些同学的一大难题啊,记了忘,忘了背,背了又忘,真是愁人啊,今日分享一下背单词的小妙招,看懂了可以让你的词汇量翻倍哦。

  1. il-:表示“不”

3.Fore:forehaed(前额),foreground(前景),foreman(工头,
领班),foresee(预见,先见),foretell(预言)

invisible不可见的;

2.Ante:anteroom(前室,接待室),antecessor(先行者,先驱 者)

  1. dis-表示“不,**”

8.mis-加在动词、名词之 前 misunderstand (误解) , misjudge (误判),
misleading (误导), misfortune (不幸)

许多**经理都对技术知之甚少。

【1】 表示否定的前缀

differentiate v.区分

  1. de-加在名词, 形容词之前 demobilize(遣散; 使……复员) , decolor
    (脱色, 漂白)

他的行为变得越来越不理智了。

前缀记忆法

2018考研英语单词:需掌握5个反义否定前缀

advantage 优点   disadvantage 缺点

你应先拔掉无线电插头,再做内部调整。

5.Ex:ex-president(前任总统), ex-wife (前妻)

这样的措施非常不切实际,几乎不可能付诸实施。

4.Pro:programme (计划),prologue(序幕)

E.g. Depression is the third thing that works to my patients’
disadvantage.

9.dis-加地动词之前 disappear(消失),disarm(解除武装), disconnect
(失去联系)

impracticable行不通的

2.in-加在形容词, 名词之前
incorrect(不正确的),inability(无能,无力),inaccurate (不准确的)

  1. mal- bad,badly:恶,不良

 二. 表示“前 before”的前缀

营养不良的人更有可能被传染。

  1. di-,dif-, dis-:away,nega**********不

在记忆和背诵考研英语单词时,我们一般**词根词缀法记忆法,这种方法科学合理,记忆牢固并且迅速,常用前缀、后缀可前往查看。词汇的前缀一般修饰或者改变单词的意思,词汇的后缀一般改变单词的词性。为了广大考生更好更快的记忆单词,对考研英语词汇常**********了汇总,希望对2018年考研的广大考生有所帮助。

irrational不合理的;

他说自己在押期间并未遭受拷问和虐待。

illiterate n. 文盲;

maltreat虐待;

distrust. v. 不信任, 怀疑

反对党以不合法为由**接受选举结果。

记忆英语单词的时候,词根词缀很重要。下面小编带你看2018考研英语单词:需掌握5个反义否定前缀。

抑郁是威胁我的病人健康的第三大杀手。

E.g.We had to completely disassemble the engine to find the problem.

malnutrition营养不良

E.g. His behavior was becoming increasingly irrational.

父母担心他们可能会逾越这些无形的界限。

illegitimate a. 非法的

E.g.A child may not differentiate between his imagination and the real
world.

E.g.He saw something dark disappear behind the curtain of leaves.

  1. im-,in-not,in,**********引申意义

disconnect. v. 分离

2018考研英语单词:需掌握**********望以上的内容能够对你有所帮助。

E.g.He said that he was not tortured or maltreated during his
detention…

E.g.What he saw there left him with a profound distrust of all political
authority.

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